“Made in Nottingham.” Every time I get in my boat, I see that simple statement and think about the “other” British invasion: contemporary fiberglass sea kayaks. Our first sea kayaks were a Valley Avocet and a P&H Vela; today we paddle an SKUK Pilgrim and a Valley Avocet LV — smaller boats that didn’t exist when we began paddling ten years ago.

In a world of mass-production, sea kayaks are still hand made, one at a time, in small shops by skilled workers. So although Nottingham is a bit off the path from Chicago to Wales, we had to stop by and see where my boat was made.


Kayaks are still made by hand by highly skilled workers.

Valley was launched by Frank Goodman in 1970. Back then, Valley was a single-building operation, where first the Anas Acuta and then the Nordkapp were produced (both contemporary versions of traditional Inuit boats). One of the young men he hired to work in the shop was Jason Buxton, who had begun kayaking as a kid. Buxton, who went on to do whitewater and sea trips and to become a member of the British freestyle kayaking team, worked at Valley for about 10 years before moving to Pyranha. Nine years ago, Goodman retired and sold Valley to Buxton and Peter Orton, also a member of the freestyle team, a slalom racer and a fan of all things fast, who was designing boats for P&H.

Peter Buxton, Valley co-owner, showing us around the factory.

Peter Buxton, Valley co-owner, showing us around the factory.

Co-owner Peter Orton with a  squirt in familiar coloration.

Co-owner Peter Orton with a squirt boat in familiar coloration.

Today, Valley is comprised of three main buildings, where the fiberglass and carbon/kevlar boats are made, the polyethylene boats are finished (they are made off-site), designs are refined, and completed boats are wrapped to await shipping. Valley’s 20 full-time employees produce as many as 175 boats per week in the summer–the busiest season–including the North Shore line of sea kayaks Valley bought and updated, and the Big Dog line of whitewater boats it launched in 2009 “under cover of darkness.”

Big Dog kayaks.

Big Dog kayaks, awaiting outfitting.

That story exemplifies the close-knit and competitive nature of British sea kayak manufacturing. Not only have most of the people involved worked with or for one another over the years; they’re also fiercely protective of their innovations. Buxton, Orton and Andy Whiting intended to surprise everyone with the launch of their new line of whitewater boats. But they had to test paddle the boats and refine the designs before the launch. So they took their evolving designs out only before dawn and after dark, hoping to avoid being seen by other paddlers in the business; when they did occasionally spot someone, they hastily paddled away. “When we make something new, Pete and I try it first,” Buxton says. “We want our boats to be the best. We want the next thing to be better.”

Today, Big Dog has earned a place in the British whitewater kayak market. And Valley’s other boats continue to evolve. North Shore has been reinvented; Valley’s long-time polyethylene boats have been improved by triple-layer construction and a truer-to-mold shape; and Valley has launched surf and fitness boats.

The newer polyethylene Avocets have crisper lines and are truer to the size of the Avocet, not the LV.

The newer polyethylene Avocets have crisper lines and are truer to the size of the Avocet, not the LV.

How does one stay excited about designing and building kayaks for so many years? Buxton, who’s been in the kayak business all his working life, explains it this way: “It’s the kind of thing we enjoy: being around the people who use them. It’s quite nice to create something. I can’t see myself in an office in a shirt and tie.”

Valley has great workplace stability, too. Employees tend to stick around (or in some cases, leave and come back). It’s not unusual for them to work for Valley for more than 20 years. “We’ve lost more to retirement than anything else,” says Buxton, who now employs some of his former co-workers. “They’re passionate about what they do.”

Taking a break and getting some fresh air.

Taking a break and getting some fresh air.

What’s next for Valley? Buxton and Orton have plans, but they’re not telling. “When you’ve got such a history, anything you change is looked at twice as hard,” he says. “We’ll do what we do best and quietly test it, and the world will see it when we’re ready.”

So keep your eyes open after dark and before dawn on the waters around Nottingham.